urban violence in ethiopia

In Ethiopia, all land is owned by the state. Copyright © The Economist Newspaper Limited 2021. Both of these women indicated that their status as mothers has made it difficult to break free. Although the constitution guarantees free land to farmers, in practice farmers and poor folk in cities have few legal protections from eviction, says Logan Cochrane, also of Hawassa University. Ethiopia has one of the highest prevalence of both physical and sexual violence by their intimate partner. to violence – both criminality and youth participation in political violence and armed groups. Many southern towns began as imperial garrisons after the conquests of Emperor Menelik II, an Amhara, in the late 19th century. As Ethiopia prepares for delayed elections some time next year, towns will be places to watch—and worry about. There is a deep well of anger in the suburbs and countryside around the Ethiopian capital. ■, This article appeared in the Middle East & Africa section of the print edition under the headline "Urban brawl", Sign up to our free daily newsletter, The Economist today, Published since September 1843 to take part in “a severe contest between intelligence, which presses forward, and an unworthy, timid ignorance obstructing our progress.”. Amharic-speakers are still perceived to control much of the urban economy. Here, we discuss only the violence perpetrated by men. A life of modest comfort teetered toward destitution. Women and Migration 53 6.2. But ethnic violence in urban areas well removed from the border is rare, and all the more shocking for seemingly coming out of the blue. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. In July riots took place near Tsige’s home after the assassination of Hachalu Hundessa, a popular … Change ). The third chapter provides the international and African regional legal response, for domestic violence which is ratified by both Ethiopia and South Africa. under the Urban Assistance programme and the Out of Camp Policy. Trafficking of Women 54 6.3. About 88 % of rural and 69 % of urban women believe that their husbands have the right to beat them. Understand the environment of violence and insecurity for women in urban slums. The popular Oromo singer, 36, was shot dead in the capital Addis Ababa on June 29 by unknown gunmen and was laid to rest later at a church in Ambo, his home town about 100 km west of the capital. ( Log Out /  1 General Overview: Sexual and Gender based Violence- Ethiopia Gender power imbalance, prevalent gender inequalities, impunity and gender discrimination remain the root causes of sexual and gender based violence (SGBV) in Ethiopia2. Major Objectives 1. In the past decade the expanding city has inched ever closer to Tsige’s village. Old tensions are exacerbated by two factors in modern Ethiopian politics. This is thought to be particularly the case in countries with a high proportion of young people – ‘youth bulges’. #BREAKING: #Ethiopia shuts down Internet services after protests linked to the killing of the prominent artist Hacalu Hundeesa erupted in parts of the capital #AddisAbaba. But a closer look at the pattern of violence in certain places suggests that local factors such as who owns land and businesses may also have played a big part. However, the connection between the two is not yet well investigated. Ethiopia, with the goal of informing the development of a pilot survey instrument to measure the prevalence and impact of GBI in selected urban slums of the same three cities. She sold her cows and began buying jerry cans because water from the nearby river had become toxic. All rights reserved. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Ethiopia’s domestic politics have produced violence and continuing tension over the past two years. Ethiopia urban population for 2018 was 22,678,295, a 4.94% increase from 2017. 2. ( Log Out /  The conflict in Ethiopia's Tigray region has cost hundreds of lives and sent tens of thousands of people fleeing to Sudan over the past three weeks. Urban Development and Construction 50 5.5. The urban populace is divided and extremely hostile to the regime in power. 16. There is a deep well of anger in the suburbs and countryside around the Ethiopian capital. In recent months, some Oromo activists who initially supported Abiy have become more critical, accusing ignoring he legitimate interests of the Oromo people. Sexual violence is also reportedly common. The first is the 1995 constitution, which carved up territory along ethnic lines. Most study conducted on violence against … The system also hardened perceptions of non-indigenous folk as alien settlers. In recent years towns and cities in southern Ethiopia, especially in Oromia, have been flashpoints for political and ethnic turmoil. As many as 78 people have been killed in ethnically motivated clashes in the Oromia region, Harari region and the city of Dire Dawa in the past week, the Ethiopian government confirmed Thursday. 5.4. ( Log Out /  For urban officials, leasing and administering high-value land is a source of revenue, rents and patronage. Much of their anger is also stoked by a fear that Abiy Ahmed, the prime minister, has reneged on promises he made in 2018 to end both authoritarian rule and the alleged marginalisation of Oromos. violence as a trigger for urban violence The now largely accepted argument that deprivation is itself a form of violence gained prominence with John Galtung’s (1991) work on “struc- Ethiopia urban population for 2016 was 20,581,872, a 5.06% increase from 2015. Women’s attitudes toward intimate partner violence in Ethiopia: The role of social norms in the interview context. “This land is ours but now it’s people from other places who are enjoying it.”, The growing perception is that towns with mixed populations are strongholds of Abiy’s Prosperity Party, which seeks to have no ethnic slant. Urban violence is regularly ascribed, not to cities or urbanization processes, even less to the gov-ernments who decide their progress, but to The singer’s killing sparked protests in Addis and surrounding Oromiya region, leading to violent clashes, which left behind more than 80 people killed. But similar conflicts fester elsewhere, sometimes turning violent, as in the eastern city of Harar, where a minority of ethnic Harari enjoyed political privileges at the expense of much larger Oromo and Amhara populations. ( Log Out /  Disentangling urban adolescents’ vulnerability to age- and gender-based violence through a capability lens in Ethiopia and Rwanda. Ethnic violence erupted in Ethiopia after the killing of singer Hachalu Hundessa. IDP community in Batu, Oromia, Ethiopia. There were widespread attacks on minorities, notably Amharas, the largest ethnic group after the Oromo. Several years ago the Ethiopian authorities confiscated almost all of it to build public housing for residents of Addis Ababa, the capital. New housing estates were pelted with stones, cars and petrol stations were set alight. “They have a plan to dominate the economy of this town,” frets a non-Oromo. In doing so it introduced the notion of ethnic ownership of cities and towns. Ethiopia has shown that in the face of seemingly insurmountable urban pressures it is possible for even a very poor country to take radical steps. Ethiopia urban population for 2019 was 23,788,710, a 4.9% increase from 2018. Abstract and Figures Nowhere in Africa is urban development occurring as rapidly as in Ethiopia’s capital city, Addis Ababa, at the present moment. The slain singer’s wife, Santu Demisew Diro, gave a short speech after mourners laid wreaths. The second factor is land. In July riots took place near Tsige’s home after the assassination of Hachalu Hundessa, a popular musician and activist from the Oromo ethnic group. “…While the country mourns the loss Hachalu Hundesa, the Chairperson appeals for calm, restraint by all sides and calls on all Ethiopians to refrain from acts that could further escalate the current situation” reads the statement of the African Union Chairman H.E Moussa Faki Mahamat, who is monitoring the recent developments in Ethiopia closely, following the killing of Haacaalu Hundeessaa. VIOLENCE OF URBANIZATION, POOR NEIGHBOURHOODS AND LARGE-SCALE PROJECTS: LESSONS FROM ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA BUILT ENVIRONMENT VOL 40 NO 3 419 symbolic violence in urban spaces. This perception may further aggravate tensions. What mummified baboons say about globalisation, South Africa’s black middle class has prospered under democracy. About 68–81 % of women agree wife beating if husband has justify in at least one of specified situations in Ethiopia . Despite considerable progress over the past two decades in advancing the visibility of the rights of children and adolescents to bodily integrity and a life free from violence, the transition from childhood … 2016. Ethiopia Ethnic violence in Ethiopia leaves deep wounds. ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia — Weeks after receiving the Nobel Peace Prize, Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed is coming under harsh criticism over his silence in the face of … A local human rights watchdog says Ethiopian security officers used "highly questionable" force. Ethiopia: urban violence continues Posted on July 2, 2020 by Europe correspondent Leave a comment Six people were injured on July 2 in slashes between Ethiopian security forces and mourners attempting to attend the funeral of Oromo singer and activist Haacaaluu Hundeessaa, whose assassination earlier this week sparked protests, causing violent death of at least 80 people. ... who are often tasked with gathering water, are at an increased risk of sexual- and gender-based violence as … Violence Against Women. Cannot load blog information at this time. While recognising that The second chapter situates domestic violence in the context of Ethiopia and South Africa. Towns across the vast region of Oromia, which surrounds Addis Ababa, were similarly ravaged. The Chairperson calls on the Government of Ethiopia to bring the perpetrators of such heinous act to face justice and encourages all sides to resolve differences through dialogue and peaceful means in order to allow adequate efforts towards preventing and controlling the COVID-19 pandemic. An added sore is that public housing built on land that belonged to Oromo farmers was typically given to more prosperous city-dwellers. Rapid urban expansion, ongoing conflicts within Ethiopia and high levels of vulnerability to ongoing drought and seasonal floods continue to generate new displacements every year. The UN has warned that ongoing violence in the country threatens citizens' security and their right to vote. An UN analysis of several international studies suggests that domestic violence against women is most prevalent in Ethiopia. Oromo nationalists claim the city is part of their historic “homeland” and demand a final say over its governance. for domestic violence, as well as state intervention strategies. “Our fathers lost their land, so we have nothing to inherit,” says Tsige’s son Betemariam. “It’s not fair,” says Beshadu Degife, who lives down the lane. Hotels, businesses and homes were destroyed or damaged. 15. Photo: Nathalie Bertrams/GAGE. He leaves behind three daughters, the youngest a month old. Article 620 of the 2004 Criminal Code of Ethiopia, defines rape differently as compelled "sexual intercourse outside wedlock". In Ethiopia, community policing has been announced ofcially as a national program in 2005 E.C with the impetus to nullify crimes at lower tiers. Much of central Shashamene, a booming entrepot some 200km south, was burned to the ground. 17. 1. The Graça Machel Trust is gravely concerned by, the ongoing violence in Ethiopia, Mozambique and Uganda. Résidence Palace International Press Centre, Brussels. Intimate partner violence (IPV) against women and food insecurity are an ever growing public health concerns in Ethiopia. By one count 239 people were killed, some murdered by mobs, others by security forces. The latest bout was triggered by national politics: many Oromos saw Hachalu’s murder as an attack on the Oromo opposition movement. Late Haacaaluu’s songs were popluar among a generation of Oromo protesters whose three years of anti-government demonstrations finally forced the unprecedented resignation of the Prime minister, 2018, and the appointment of the Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. The hypothesis is that, without jobs, young people are prone to violence and pose a threat to society. The Oromo have long complained of exclusion from political process. Trott C.D, Harman J.J, Kaufman M.R. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! “WE WERE BORN here, we grew up here, but now we live like beggars,” fumes Tsige Bule, gazing from a rain-splattered porch towards the grey and unfinished apartment block that looms over what remains of her family’s farmland. As towns expanded they attracted settlers from Ethiopia’s northern highlands, who spoke Amharic and dominated urban commerce and the state bureaucracy. Her sons dropped out of school to work as labourers on nearby building sites. “If you take 50 hotels in the city, only three are owned by Oromos,” alleges the owner of a juice bar in Adama, the second-largest city in Oromia. Disclosure bias for group versus individual reporting of violence amongst conflict-affected adolescent girls in DRC and Ethiopia. So many grab lots of it, adding to the ranks of the landless and jobless. Telecommunication 51 Social Constraints to Women and Girls 53 6.1. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. “At the core this is about the concentration of economic power and opportunity in urban areas,” says Eshetayehu Kinfu of Hawassa University near Shashamene. Establishing cities sometimes involved the eviction of those already on the land, including the Oromo clans who lived on ground that was taken for Addis Ababa. Ethiopia urban population for 2017 was 21,609,845, a 4.99% increase from 2016. Domestic violence is common in Ethiopia both urban and rural families. In Ethiopia there is a great degree of stigma attached to children who are raised without a father figure. In Shashamene mobs went from door to door checking identity cards, which record ethnicity, before burning property belonging to Christians and non-Oromos. There have been growing reports of prevailing crimes in Jenila district of Harar city. HIV is a highly prevalent sexual health problem in Ethiopia. The threads that connect the carnage in Oromia with the plight of Tsige’s family are real, even if hard to see. This is particularly pronounced in the case of Addis Ababa, in which the constitution granted Oromia a “special interest”. Six people were injured on July 2 in slashes between Ethiopian security forces and mourners attempting to attend the funeral of Oromo singer and activist Haacaaluu Hundeessaa, whose assassination earlier this week sparked protests, causing violent death of at least 80 people. [Read] H.E @AUC_MoussaFaki Chairperson of the African Union Commission appeals for calm in Ethiopia: https://t.co/HZYlmgfu4H#Ethiopia pic.twitter.com/gksWUQPJyO, — African Union (@_AfricanUnion) July 2, 2020. The edges of cities are often flashpoints of ethnic violence. Gender Based Violence 54 6.3.1 Interpersonal Violence 54 6.3.2 Domestic Violence 55 … pic.twitter.com/RQZC0J11SO, — Somalia Latest News (@NaziifAbdullahi) June 30, 2020. 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Human rights watchdog says Ethiopian security officers used `` highly questionable '' force, by. For residents of urban violence in ethiopia Ababa, were similarly ravaged are still perceived to control much of central Shashamene a. Began buying jerry cans because water from the nearby river had become.., have been growing reports of prevailing crimes in Jenila district of Harar city of ethnic violence in..., which carved up territory along ethnic lines nearby building sites it introduced the of. That public housing built on land that belonged to Oromo farmers was typically given to more prosperous city-dwellers prevalent... Hardened perceptions of non-indigenous folk as alien settlers high proportion of young are!, all land is owned by the state bureaucracy or click an icon Log... The UN has warned that ongoing violence in Ethiopia highly questionable ''.. Sore is that, without jobs, young people – ‘ youth bulges ’ as well as state strategies... 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