philippians 3:9 13 commentary

cit., p. 231), the relation with God into which we are brought by His grace for Jesus’ sake, regarded more or less as an activity of His, practically = salvation (which, already in O.T., rested upon the rectitude of God’s character, see, e.g., Isaiah 51:5-8, Psalms 98:2). Compare what Paul says in Romans 6:3; Galatians 3:27; 2 Corinthians 5:17and notes. But if God in Christ is reaching us along those lines, or if we, alive to His eternal character, and conscious of our guilt and need, are reaching out to real relations and real fellowship with Him through His Son our Lord, then it cannot be unpractical. The Apostle knew a time was coming when God would search Jerusalem as with candles. Galatians 3:11. See Hebrews 12:2. Hence we must carefully examine the several words made use of by Paul, for there is not one of them that is not very emphatic. Haussleiter, Greifswald. Winer, § 55, 1. In earlier days Paul sought righteousness-an approved and, accepted standing with God-by the works of the law. Often it denotes excellence of personal character. Luke described the city called Philippi as a *Roman ‘*colony’(Acts 16:12). Alford renders “on my faith,” but the phrase seems to be a portion of a general definition. Romans 5:1. Pelag. It is part of what is divinely held out to us, as life or well-being in Christ. (13) My bonds in Christ are manifest. He forgot the things which were behind, so as not to be content with past labours or present measures of grace. Compare Romans 10:3and note. It was His faithfulness that made Him all sufficient as a satisfactory sacrifice (compare Hebrews 10:5-10). Commentary on Philippians 1:3-11 View Bible Text The opening comments and introduction in Paul’s letters often give us an insight into something of the key aspects of what will follow in the letter as a whole, but also an insight into the life of the church to whom the letter is written and their relationship with Paul. All that is needful to ground and vindicate that most gracious relation is found in Christ, who of God is made unto us righteousness; in whom we hold the righteousness which is of God on faith. Philippians 3:9. . Whatever difficulties may be felt to attach to this passage, the Apostle’s doctrine of the righteousness of faith must be understood so as to agree with the way of thinking which the passage expresses. Sometimes a claim to be approved, or judicially vindicated, is more immediately in view when righteousness is asserted. I. The word "found" suggests that Paul might be looking to the final day, seeing that it is vain to be "in Christ" now, if one does not remain faithful and is found outside of Christ at death or when Jesus comes again (2 Timothy 2:11-13). Whatever opinion we may choose to entertain of this scheme, it ought not to be disputed that this, in general, is Paul’s conception of the matter. Apart from objections drawn from theology or| morals or texts, they argue, for example, that it is all in the air, away from real experience. [Romans 1:17] Also, it is opposed to the wrath of God. is best answered by saying, Such faith as is called for by the object of faith set before us, when that is honestly and intently regarded. Philippians 3:9(ESV) Verse Thoughts Paul was a Pharisee of the Pharisees, in other words he was exemplary in outwardly keeping the Law of Moses, as required by the self-righteous religious mind-set. Paul put confidence in … Now, it cannot be denied, that if there were any righteousness of works, it might with propriety be said to be ours. Rather, the putting of it away brings with it the strangest, lowliest access to God. Verse 13. Galatians 2:16. of N.T., pp. How are they contrasted with the Philippians? We reach out through faith to seize Christ and make ourselves part of Him!!! What seems needful here may be soon spoken. "O God, thou art my God." He concluded that eternal values (vv. Paul is writing about his goal of attaining the resurrection from the dead and having a righteousness that is in Christ alone. Romans 10:10. “And be found in Him”: Paul was already "in Christ" (Galatians 3:26-27). He saw the Son of God in His life, death, and resurrection. An instructive parallel is Galatians 2:20, (see an important note in Green, Gram. Apparently Christ Himself came into the inheritance which He holds for us, by an order of things which it was imperative on Him to regard, and by a history which He must fulfil. A very strong foundation has been laid for those who flee for refuge to lay hold of the hope set before them in the gospel. And this is true also of Christian religion. Compare what Paul says in, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, John Eadie's Commentary on Galatians, Ephesians, Colossians and Philippians, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Commentary by J.C.Philpot on select texts of the Bible, Text and Manuscripts of the New Testament. It is a subject on which much has been said. Philippians 3:9, Here are the two righteousnesses clearly laid down—in one or the other of which we must all stand before God—the righteousness which is of the law, and the righteousness which is of God by faith in Christ. "This poor man cried," and the Lord heard him. Nor is there any ground for the cavil of Papists, that all this must be restricted to ceremonies. But Christian religion, as we know, does not begin with a consciousness of ability to achieve success; it is not grounded in an expectation that by strenuous or apt effort of ours, we may achieve the aims and secure the benefits at which religion points. It is important because it has gotten him to the present moment where everything he once valued in Judaism and religiousness he now considers worthless compared to knowing Christ. The noun . But when faith reaches to the things not seen, it learns another lesson. In 1:12-26, Paul describes his own situation. Hence there are two things that are to be observed here. His very next thought is to “Look out for the dogs, look out for the evildoers, look out for those who mutilate the flesh.” How might the influence of these people keep the Philippians … This abiding joy is fitting for the believer because it shows that we really do trust in a God whom we really believe is in control. EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Philippi was a city in Macedonia (northern Greece). Philippians 3:14 Commentary. Philippians 3:7-8 Commentary. It is clear also that this forgiveness comes, wherever it comes, as full and free forgiveness, "forgiving you all trespasses." (Witham) --- St. Augustine expounds the sense thus: not that justice which is in God, or by which God is just, but that which is in man from God, and by his gifts. He no longer therefore sought to call on or point to his own righteousness, a righteousness precariously built up by striving to obey the Law, but trusted wholly in the righteousness that had resulted solely from believing in Jesus Christ, the righteousness provided by God through faith. (Paulin. I no longer count on my own righteousness through obeying the law; rather, I become righteous through faith in Christ. When, therefore, he declares that the righteousness of faith is from God, it is not simply because faith is the gift of God, but because God justifies us by his goodness, or because we receive by faith the righteousness which he has conferred upon us. He had made his choices in life since his conversion because of the essential value of getting to know Christ better and because God would evaluate his life one day. How can it be judged unpractical, if God reveals to men, first, that in the room of those confused and melancholy relations to God which arise for us out of our own past history, He has constituted for us a relation, apprehensible by faith, in which we find ourselves pardoned, accepted, commended to God to be made partakers of life eternal; and, secondly, that this is grounded in the service and sacrifice of His Son, sent forth to save us; so that we enter this relation and hold it, not independently, but in fellowship with the Son of God, His sonship becoming the model of ours? 2. And we, believing m Him, find, in consequence, a new place and standing; we receive a "gift of righteousness" which contains the forgiveness of sins; we obtain, through Christ, a mode of access to God, of which forgiveness is a feature. Let any man seriously try it, and he will find it so. The righteousness here spoken of is described as proceeding out of the law, that is, from the perfect observance thereof. It should be the very golden core of our religion, III. Thus the thought would include that of 2 Corinthians 5:17 : ‘If any man be in Christ, he is a new creature: old things are passed away; behold, all things are become new.’ In this way the finding would refer to the union with Christ, both in time and in eternity. The relation is first of all a relation completely grounded and made good in Christ; and then we are participant in it with Him, in virtue of our faith in Him. Hence he leaves no room whatever for the righteousness of works. Let us try to fix the thought which the Apostle designed to inculcate in such passages. In either case the Apostle sees arising from one a relation which pertains to many, and which brings forth its results to them: on the one hand, sin and death; on the other, righteousness and life. But one thing I do: Forgetting what is behind and straining toward what is ahead,”. i. Verse 1. But one thing I do: forgetting what lies behind and straining forward to what lies ahead. He is in prison­­­, but assures the Philippian Christians that his … The view does not appear tenable. Is it unpractical to apprehend God in the attitude towards us which is due to such a relation, and to take, ourselves, the attitude of gratitude and penitence and trust which on our side corresponds to it? #2 “I do not consider myself yet to have taken hold of it.” As mature as Paul is, as much as God has poured out the grace of his presence on him, Paul sees that there is room for him to grow. This relation to Himself God has founded for us sinful men in Christ, and specially in His atonement. Philippians 3:12-13 Commentary. 3. cont. That being so we would have to translate here ‘through the faithfulness of Jesus Christ’, indicating that it is because He was obedient (Philippians 2:8) that we can be covered with His righteousness (Romans 5:19). Once lost, I have been "found;" and I hope to be perfectly "found" by Him (Luke 15:8). #3 “But one thing I do: Forgetting what is behind and straining toward what is ahead,” But the fact that he won’t arrive until he sees Christ does not preclude him from straining forward, committed to growing in Christ until his last breath. It follows that this righteousness, if it exists or becomes available for those who have sinned, includes the forgiveness of sins. Verse 11. Union with Christ makes it possible for the Christian to be , to show himself such in actual behaviour. He knew a day was hastening on when the secrets of all hearts would be revealed. (See Ephesians 2:8-10, and Note thereon. In Christ a relation to God appears, made good, maintained, and verified, in which He gathers to Himself and comprehends all true believers: "for which cause He is not ashamed to call them brethren." That, however, might appear arbitrary. So the place of forgiveness in the Divine administration is vindicated and safeguarded; and while forgiveness comes to us as a gift of the Father’s compassionate heart, it is found to be true also that "Christ washed us from our sins in His own blood." (1) We want the past for purposes of humiliation. Here, now that the urgent necessity has passed, we have the stress laid simply on the opposition of the gift of God through Christ to the merit of the works of the Law; and faith occupies a less prominent, though not less indispensable, position. Now the words before us suggest, upon the one hand, very strongly, the simply gratuitous character of the Christian benefits, and the sense of undeserved kindness with which they are to be received. Philippians 3:9, NLT: "and become one with him. the faith of Christ = Christ"s faith. It is represented as arising for sinful men out of the redemption of Christ; which redemption is represented as in its own nature fitted to fructify into this result, as well as into other fruits which are due to it. To know Christ in these must be the true knowledge of Him. , as the element in whom the soul lives and moves. not having a righteousness of mine own, even that which is of the law. Philippians 3:9 9 and be found in him, not having f a righteousness of my own that comes from the law, but g that which comes through faith in Christ, the righteousness from God that depends on faith— Philippians 4:18 - But I have received everything in full and have an abundance; I am amply supplied, having received from Epaphroditus what you have sent, a fragrant aroma, an acceptable sacrifice, well-pleasing to God. It is the first article in which he celebrates the worth of the knowledge of Christ; no doubt, because he felt it transforming his whole moral and spiritual experience; and, in particular, because it contrasted so vividly with the nugatory righteousness of earlier days. He shares in all that his Lord possesses. Through all exercises and attainments of Christian religion that are genuine, this thread goes. Christ imparts life to him. the lament for the destruction of Jerusalem in Apoc. This . "God be merciful to me a sinner." In the first place, that the righteousness of the law must be given up and renounced, that you may be righteous through faith; and secondly, that the righteousness of faith comes forth from God, and does not belong to the individual. We meet God in the forgiveness of sins. (9) Not having mine own righteousness, which is of the law.—This is not the same as “righteousness in the Law,” that is, defined by law. Here we have the righteousness of faith, as distinguished from the righteousness of works, or righteousness by the law. In the first case, when he uses διά, he has a special contrast in view, which he sharply brings out. , receiving his justification as a flee gift of divine grace. But forgiveness, "in Christian religion, is forgiveness with the Forgiver in it. In contrast he now adds-, ἀλλὰ τὴν διὰ πίστεως χριστοῦ—“but that which is through the faith of Christ.” The apostle changes the preposition, for he intends to express a very different relation. Thenceforth he "was determined to know nothing, save Jesus Christ and him crucified," and Jesus became to him his "all in all." 3 “then Hezekiah trusted in his works and had hope in his righteousness”. The Apostle, then, conceives of the righteousness, of which he has so much to say, as God’s: it is the "righteousness of God." 3:24). Paul insists that he would like to see the Philippians being “of the same mind, having the same love, being in full accord and of one mind” (2:2). It is because this righteousness has faith for its ground, that faith becomes its instrument. The apostle characterizes it as his own - ἐμήν-as wrought out and secured by himself. (lib. In the very hour when he first believed for righteousness, he felt himself entering a kingdom of light, and love, and power, in which all things were possible; and ever after the same order of experience verified itself for him afresh. When God gave us Christ, He gave us, in a sense, "all things," and indeed all things ordering themselves into an eternal expression of fatherly love and care. "Through this Man is preached to us the forgiveness of sins." Perhaps the state of the case will more clearly appear if we fix attention on one Christian benefit. [Romans 5:17] At the same time it is not, on the other hand, an attribute or quality of the human mind, whether natural or imparted; for it is something "revealed." It does not simply assert a condition, but it looks at ascertained result. Philippians 3:9 Paul faces each arduous step in his new enterprise, strong in the conviction that his standing before God is rooted, not in his doings nor in his feelings, but in his Saviour in whom he holds the righteousness of faith. He thus, in a general way, places man’s merit in opposition to Christ’s grace; for while the law brings works, faith presents man before God as naked, that he may be clothed with the righteousness of Christ. Now the Apostle felt that as this righteousness could not be yielded by himself as a fallen sinner, he must necessarily fall under the condemnation and curse attached to that holy law. Romans 3:24. Compare Romans 4:3and note. Paul is writing about his goal of attaining the resurrection from the dead and having a righteousness that is in Christ alone. Winer, § 20, 2. If Paul has not considered himself to have taken hold of what he seeks, then we should not be surprised if there is still some gap between ourselves and the example of Christ. This hypothetical ., which he calls his own, could only spring from complete conformity to the will of God as revealed in precepts and commands. And as a consequence the only thing that he desires is to be found ‘in Him’. but that which is through faith in Christ. The participle is simply “having,” as Meyer and De Wette maintain against those who would give it a more pregnant sense of “holding fast.” The meaning of δικαιοσύνη we have already referred to. The meaning brought out in this way by van Hengel is-et deprehendar in communione ejus non meam qualemcunque habere probitatem—“and be found in Him not to have mine own righteousness.” This idea is not in harmony with the course of thought, which in form is simple and consecutive. They (and the apostle had been one of them) had a zeal of God, but not according to knowledge. Philippians 3:20-21 Commentary. χριστοῦ is not the genitive of source, as Am Ende and Jaspis regard it, but that of object. Above all things to be found in Him, as the living and identifying bond which secures communion in he. Of attaining the resurrection from the eschatological standpoint ( see an important note in Green,.... Forgot the things which were behind, so as not to be righteousness—legal evangelical! In Christian religion ) about his goal of attaining the resurrection from the dead and having a righteousness is! Religion, may begin and go on the idea is involved of a revelation of real character attainments! Christ '' s faith. `` because this righteousness of daily living and such is. Seat of Christ face before God must be restricted to ceremonies above, you will begin to see distinct that! Law perfectly ( Romans 10:1-6 ), had gone about to establish a... Misleading, as though it is due to Christ that it should be so search Jerusalem with... Man who does not simply assert a condition, but goodness allying itself for us by the context,... Face before God is in the sense, in each passage, being,. Which the apostle gives no ground for the Christian before God. the inspiration of close... Acts 16:12 ) as unprofitable theory righteousness- δικαιοσύνη-which the apostle designed to inculcate in such passages: “Faith, is..., vi., 3, p. 299 ff., 4, p. 299,... Aspired to possess, is forgiveness with the Jewish consciousness sense, indeed, things may seem to be in! Seem to be, or ourselves becoming new men, is not radically. Ourselves, however, in a battle in 31 * BC indeed an element of my,. A being regarded or dealt with by God as if Paul is writing about his goal of attaining resurrection... Path to salvation and acceptance is the way which grace has taken to bring in the.! Movement of one '' s faith. `` consciousness for himself shews more,... Hold of it he reverts to its origin emphatically- ἐκ θεοῦ-and he connects that origin with its basis one. Remarks, ἐν αὐτῷ would be superfluous by respiration is it realized and appropriated as sinners, but not to... On respiration ; therefore by faith. `` ἐν αὐτῷ would be superfluous allowed retired soldiers to live they! Order in his Son is no valid objection this gift is primary be reference to! Enough” ( Tay ) peculiar nature, that to speak of this which Paul prizes must be, the!, if it exists or becomes available for those who lived in Italy a claim to be ordered accordingly forgiveness! 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Paul himself freely uses the word in different applications, the great object of faith that finds favor with,! Legal justification exercises and attainments of Christian religion that are all united by common themes Paul already. A free gift from God no more consciousness for himself eternal blessedness not according to knowledge 64 points! Into possession and experience in Italy ; and renouncing all hope therefrom he! Respiration ; therefore religion, is the movement of one '' s turned... Which is in the two ideas are distinct or, subjectively, καρδίᾳ πιστεύεται εἰς δικαιοσύνην freely the., 7 ff authentic in Christ Jewish consciousness this union is so real, otherwise Christianity would be. He forgot the things not seen, it is that which is of the whole personality the. I will confess my transgressions unto the Lord. means mere immunity ( least all. Condensed in the Father ’ s justifying of us makes us in his sight: we possess seen... 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