leander class cruiser
[301 kPa and 76 kPa] and 43 and 11.7 lb. Join us now! HMS Ajax after refit in January 1943, with a classic example of Mediterranean razzle dazzle, HMS Ajax in 1945, with an “atlantic approaches” three tone wavy camouflage, 3D rendition of the Perth (World of Warhips). Their 5 pounds (2.27 kg) shell was filled with Lyddite-amatol. She was apparently the first British cruiser to fire at dawn. HMS Leander, the 7289-ton (standard displacement) lead ship of a class of five light cruisers, was built at Devonport, England. SLNSW 12967 Regatta on the Sydney Harbour Naval destroyers in background.jpg 1,400 × … " These belted cruisers were the Orlando class. Decommissioned by the Royal Navy in February 1948. With their twin 6-in turrets, they were more of an adaptation of the previous design of the York class rather than a new creation. HMNZS Achilles. The belt will, I think, be approved by my hon. Placed in reserve she was decommissioned in February 1948, once proposed fo India and broken up. All results related to "cruiser leander-class" found on 80 scale modeling websites and the scalemates kit database. Neither the rudder or machinery was protected and the belt armor was fairly light as well and the total represented 845 tons of armour. We have followed in their footsteps by producing the Mersey type, and we now propose to go a step further in the same direction, by laying down vessels of the Mersey class, but protected by a belt in lieu of an armoured deck. However fatefully she was sent to the American-British-Dutch-Australian (ABDA) force. Apart many superstructure details, the biggest difference was their machinery and propulsion. Destroyers 725 tons coal normal, 1000 tons maximum = c. 6,000 nmi at economical speed. In the Mercury and the Iris the speed was obtained by an enormous development of horse-power… The cost per ton was equal to that of the most powerful ironclad, while the fighting power was inconsiderable. The Leander class was a class of eight light cruisers built for the Royal Navy in the early 1930s that saw service in World War II.They were named after mythological figures, and all ships were commissioned between 1933 and 1936. Smith as First Lord, though Astley Cooper Key continued as First Naval Lord. Completed in March 1933, she served with the Royal Navy until April 1937, when she was transferred to New Zealand and became HMNZS Leander . They were named after mythological figures, and all ships were commissioned between 1933 and 1936. Later Sydney launched a torpedo volley, which missed as the German ship manoeuvred but broke down her engine in the process. Built in the 30s and served in WW2 and some of them were sold to the Australian , New Zealand and Indian navies. Their secondary armament consisted of four QF 4 inch Mk V naval guns, which were later replaced by twin mountings for eight guns (the later QF 4 inch Mk XVI naval gun). Leander-class cruiser By : dariusbei. Neptune was operational on 12 February 1934 with a mixed crew mostly from the New Zealand Division and South African personnel. While immobilized she continued to fire on Sydney until 17:50, when the distance closed to at 6,600 yards (6,000 m), and she fired her own torpedoes but missed; Sydney would sink later around 22:00 after burning heavily, with great loss of lives. She was back in the Mediterranean to take part in the latter part of Operation Torch, part of Force Q at Bône, Algeria. However work was cut short by a dockyard explosion and she was repaired until March 1945. They were named after mythological figures, and all ships were commissioned between 1933 and 1936. She returned in the Mediterranean to cover the landings in southern France and later policed Greek waters. The cruiser changed course to escape but took four Japanese torpedoes in the space of a few minutes. The ensemble was rated for 72,000 shp (53,700 kW). HMNZS Leander was a light cruiser which served with the Royal New Zealand Navy during World War II.She was the lead ship of a class of eight ships, the Leander-class light cruiser and was initially named HMS Leander. In the following engagement, Perth badly damaged an IJN destroyer, but the duels eventually split forces. Her seaplane catapult and crane were removed, and she was sent back to the Mediterranean, fighting off air attacks at Port Tewfik. [300 kPa and 81 kPa] port; collective horsepower, 5,574.88 ihp (4,157.19 kW) or nearly 600 horses [450 kW] beyond the contract. Their secondary armament consisted of four high angle QF 4 inch Mk V naval guns. The class comprised HMS Amphion , HMS Arethusa , HMS Leander and HMS Phaeton .Originally classed as Dispatch Vessels, they were re rated as Second Class… In June 1941 however she was sent to the Mediterranean, against the Vichy French during the Syria-Lebanon Campaign. "Taking 14 knots as the standard of high speed, we have only 11 swift cruisers, counting the Iris and Mercury despatch vessels among them. The entire gun barrel was 300-in (7.6 meters) and weighted 7,000 kgs. Type: Leander Class Cruiser. The later were developed from 1936 and allowed a much greater rpm at 15-20 rounds. The three ships of the second group were sold to the Royal Australian ", The Navy List gave the following composition of officers for the Leander in December 1885 (order as in the original):. English: The British Empire Leander class light cruisers of 1931. Fighting rearguard actions with a 3-pdr AA converted into an had oc AT gun and the Walrus bombing the Italian headquarters at Zeila, HMAS Hobart crew successfully helped the British evacuation. They were named after mythological figures, and all ships were commissioned between 1933 and 1936. Machinery spaces had the side armour extended from to 141 feet (43 m) almost double the original design. After Bardia and the Battle of Calabriashe sank the cargo Ermioni bound to the Dodecanese and escorted Malta or Greece convoys. Find 13 used 1993 Jeep Wrangler in Charlotte, MI as low as $3,495 on Carsforsale.com®. Her diversion helped the air attack on Taranto later. Media in category "Leander class cruiser (1931)" This category contains only the following file. Under John Collins she joined Australia and Canberra to try to catch the KMS Admiral Graf Spee when she was operating in the Indian Ocean. This page was last edited on 7 January 2021, at 16:52. In 1941 famously she ended her days fighting off Western Australia the German auxiliary cruiser Kormoran and destroyer her while sinking herself in one of the most epic duels of ww2. On trials, 32.45 knots were reached by HMS Leander. These ships were followed by the four ships of the Mersey type…", The Leanders were primarily designed for trade protection. The class comprised HMS Leander, HMS Phaëton, HMS Amphion and HMS Arethusa. The Leander class was a class of eight light cruisers built for the Royal Navy in the early 1930s that saw service in World War II. The guns used flashless (NQFP) powder, and fired a 51-kg (112-pound) projectile at 2760 feet per second (840 m/s) up to 25,480 yd (23,300 m) at 45°. But in great lines: Ajax and Achilles were famously the sailors of the Exeter at the Battle of Rio de la Plata against the German pocket battleship Graf Spee. The Leander-class was a class of fifteen light cruisers built for the Royal Navy, Royal Australian Navy, Royal Indian Navy, and Royal New Zealand Navy in the early 1930s that saw service in World War II.They were named after mythological figures, and all ships were commissioned between 1933 and 1936. Number of pages included: 1. Sails and screw. The effect of these changes at the trial was very marked, the engines being provided with an abundance of steam without their being any necessity for resorting to the blast. The Whitehead torpedoes are discharged from broadside ports on the lower deck, two forward and two aft.". She actively served in that role until 1943 and joined the US Navy Task Force 67 to operate at Guadalcanal. " The opinion of the captain of the Arethusa was that the "engine room complement [was] insufficient by 2 engine room artificers, 2 leading stokers, and 23 stokers. 1/200 Royal Navy Leander Class 6" Director $ 21.53 by Micro Master. Built by Portsmouth Dockyard, the vessel was laid down on 24 September 1931, launched on 31 January 1933, and commissioned into the Royal Navy on 12 February 1934 with the pennant number "20". The ship also had stronger AA defenses and better armor protection. This led to the famous battle of the River plate, together with HMS Exeter and Achilles. ", 20 ft 8 in (6.30 m) aft, 19 ft 6 in (5.94 m) forward. In June she joined the Mediterranean 7th Cruiser Squadron and acted as John Tovey’s flagship. At the previous six hour' full power trial of the Phaëton there was a difficulty experienced in maintaining steam from want of draught in the stokeholds. Some became legendary such as the Ajax or the Sydney with its epic duel with the Kormoran. LEANDER CLASS The Leander class was influenced by the York-class heavy cruiser, and was an attempt to better provide for the role of commerce protection. Neptune was the fourth ship of its class and was the ninth Royal Navy vessel to carry the name. The next part of her career was Mediterranean, as appriopriate for a Greek hero, after a refit at Chatham where she received among others a Type 279 Radar. Smith. ), In the 1888 British annual naval manoeuvres, "the proportion of untrained (2nd Class) stokers which were draughted to several of the ships appears to have been too large. The survivors were picked up by the Japanese and ended in POWs, only 218 surviving the war internment. She met her fate during one of these missions: On 18 December 1941, she took part of a brief fleet engagement, the First Battle of Sirte. During the 9 July engagement she fired on an Italian Zara-class cruiser from 23,000 yards (21,000 m) and so participated in the Battle of Calabria (Or Punta Stilo). HMS Leander returned to service on 27 August 1945. HMNZS Leander and uss chicago off Suva, Fidji, Feb. 1942 (USNA). The Leander Class were a four ship cruiser programme ordered by the Admiralty in 1880. Before that, she patrolled the south atlantic, searching for German privateers and later the Graf Spee, which saw her joining the Force G together with her sister ship Ajax and HMS Exeter (and the Cumberland which was still in the Falklands when the day came out). 32.5 knots, Range 4,500 nautical at 14 knots. Modified Leander-class cruiser (WW2) Based on HMAS Sydney, was one of three modified Leander-class light cruisers operated by the Royal Australian Navy (RAN). "See Leander class frigate for the later frigate class of the same name.". 1/1800th scale Leander-class cruiser model. Thanks to her new engine compartimentation, she was able to sail ou of harm, with 1200 “Tommies” on board.  The Merseys, that followed them cost between £202,840 and £217,982 each.. Their speed is 17 knots… Their coal supply is 1016 tons. The late Board of Admiralty laid down an admirable type for the purpose in the Leander class. They also received from 1941 2 quadruple bofors 40 mm carriages. Her refit at Chatham Dockyard lasted until September 1942. Since the model is optimized for 1/1800th scale, it is not ideal to print larger versions due to a lack of detail. She joined Surabaya with Exeter and the destroyers Jupiter, Electra and Encounter, to place herself under command of Dutch Rear-Admiral Karel Doorman. The Leander class was a class of eight light cruisers built for the Royal Navy in the early 1930s that saw service in World War II. There are no longer any cruisers in the Royal Navy Armoured cruisers were protected British Leander Apollo class Perth 1934 - Sunk 1942 … The bow hull was breached and after reversing out she struck a third mine, blewing her propellers. " As of 6 March 1885, "the Leander alone was completed. She was posted in March-April in the Cocos islands when replaced by French cruiser Suffren, then was back to Fremantle, and the East Indies Station and after a while she was attached to the British 7th Cruiser squadron of British Mediterranean Fleet under Admiral Andrew Cunningham. The Leander class was the UK’s most successful frigate design. It was more than three times faster than the classic 8-inches and therefore a reflection of the new tactical views of gunnery at that time, more about saturating the superstructures than piercing hulls and destroying turrets or trying to hit vitals. "Note: The figures in italics represent dockyard incidental charges apportioned to each ship. This starter kit includes: 1/72nd Leander hull (157cm x 17.3cm) Any plan you wish from the Leander Class 1/72nd Frigate Folder. After being hit by an aviation bomb 1,000 lb (450 kg) on her “B” boiler room on 1 January 1943 she was repaired at Gibraltar and Norfolk, and returned in action after a long refit at Portsmouth, completed on 25 December 1943. Belt, main deck and turrets 25 mm (2.54 in), ammunition magazines 76 mm (3 in). She was part of the fleet covering convoy MF3 (Operation MB6) when during the night of 11-12 October she intercepted a small Italian force. The 6-inch shell damaged her floatplane but in return she registered three hits on the Bolzano. In 1934, the Australian government seeked a replacement for the old HMAS Brisbane, and negotiations for the purchase of HMS Phaeton while she still under construction took place. During the rest of the summer she stayed at Alexandria for a refit and received her camouflage. In this duel, which started at 20 kilometres (11 nmi) at dawn, and she was hit, four crew killed, and captain, W. E. Parry wounded; But she went on firing until 07:15 when, while the distance fell to only 4 km, Graf Spee, hit too, broke off the engagement. The First Lord of the Admiralty, William H. Smith, backed the latter. 10 min. All three ships were sold to the RAN (Royal Australian Navy), Phaeton was renamed Sydney in 1939, Amphion was renamed Perth and Apollo Hobart after a few years of British service under their launch names. Though the "Admiralty have been desirous that the money should be spent on the object for which it is voted, but that it has been prevented by a delay with the contractor. Leander class 6 ships The light cruiser HMS Ajax (22) of the Royal Navy. " It was stated on 1 August 1882, that "the Amphion is being advanced satisfactorily at Pembroke, while the Leander, Arethusa, and Phaeton are promised to be delivered within the year by the contractor, a promise which was renewed within a few days of the present time." HMAS Sydney scrambled in hot pursuit, and eventually the Australian cruiser catch up what was revealed to be the KMS Kormoran. She was in reserve after the war and scrapped in 1949. Support Naval Encyclopedia, get your poster or wallpaper now ! Their speed is 17 knots… HMNZS Leander (75) (Returned to the Royal Navy as HMS Leander) Royal Navy (more on Royal Navy) HMS Ajax (22) HMS Leander (75) HMS Neptune (20) Lost on 19 Dec 1941: HMS Orion (85) 6 Light cruisers of the Leander class. After Malta convoys, and assisting convoys to and from Greece, HMAS Sydney operated at Souda Bay in Crete, and was attacked and hit by Italian aircraft on 24 November 1940. Smith who said "the Leander class ought to be rendered complete, according to the arrangements undertaken by the Board of Admiralty, without loss of time. She was later policing Palestinian waters, taking part in the 1947 Exodus affair. In the fall of July both her and HMS Neptune were in the Aegean. As, however the machinery worked without any hitch of any kind, and was developing power largely in excess of the Admiralty contract, it was agreed by the officers superintending the trial to accept the means of the five hours as a sufficient test of performance. HMS Leander, Achilles, Ajax, Neptune, Orion, HMAS Perth, Sydney, Hobart. See Conway's, List of Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty#1861 to 1882, Hansard HC Deb 18 March 1881 vol 259 cc1389-90, Hansard HC Deb 2 December 1884 vol 294 c455, Hansard HC Deb 16 March 1882 vol 267 c1102. HMS Neptune was a Leander-class light cruiser which served with the Royal Navy during World War II. She then joined the escort force bound to the middle east with Canberra, Leander and Ramillies. In December 1941, HMS Neptune hit four mines, but sank slowly enough for her crew to escape. In early 1939 she was deployed in the Pacific, off South America, and back South Atlantic Division, in March. 4 shafts Parsons turbines, 6 Admiralty boilers, 72,000 hp. Author’s HD illustration of HMS neptune in 1944. Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy Lenton, H.T. She was hit by seven shells, lost a whaler, took bridge damage and on radars, with 37 casualties. She located and engaged Graf Spee on 13 December, taking damage by the German 150 mm calibers, seven hits, disabling the first two turrets, whereas the Exeter was more badly damaged. However on 20 July 1943 while en route from Espiritu Santo to join TF 74 she was torpedoed by a Japanese submarine, destroying an entire section of the port quarter. Author’s HD Illustration of HMS Achilles in 1939. These guns were used by the Leander, Amphion, Arethusa, ‘Town’ superclass, Crown Colony, Minotaur, while the postwar Neptune (cancelled) and Tiger (Converted) embarked on the fully automated QF Mark N5. (Note the way that the engine room establishment officers are not listed with the officers. She spent her last interwar years off Australia in fleet exercises and training cruises. The ship was not protected as a war grave and was broke up with dynamite for scrap metal value and it soured Indonesian-Australian relations for years; Author’s HD profile of HMS Perth in 1942. The three ships of the second group were sold to the Royal Australian Navy (RAN) before World War II and renamed after Australian cities. Until November 1941 she multiplied escort missions of ANZAC troops to Africa. Developed in 1928-29, these breech-loading rifled 6-inch Mk XXIII 50 caliber naval guns became the staple of British Naval artillery up to the very last cruisers completed postwar. RPM with a trained crew was a shot every 4-5 seconds, only three when the range did not changed. In 1945-46, they were reduced to subsidiary roles and broken up in 1949, except for HMS Achilles who was later sold to a newly independent India with the constitution of the RIN (Royal Indian Navy) and served many more years of the cold war. Achilles seen from Ajax, en route for the River Plate, 1939. An error has occurred, which probably means the feed is down. This design combined operational flexibility with excellent sea-keeping in affordable ships that were adaptable to new requirements. HMAS Sydney in her war paint in 1941 (AWM). Leander was laid down on 8 September 1930, launched on 24 September 1931 and commissioned into the Royal Navy on 23 March 1933. Hull Developed by John Haynes More information, photos and some fittings can be found at www.johnrhaynes.com Modified Leander-class cruiser (WW2) There are 2 products. She was posted the last years of the interwar in the North America and West Indies Station. ", In Abrupt Reversal of Iran Strategy, Pentagon Orders Aircraft Carrier Home, Marine Corps to Stand Up First Marine Littoral Regiment in FY 2022, Norsepower Completes Installation of Two Tiltable Rotor Sails, US Navy halts deliveries of Freedom-class littoral combat ship, SECNAV Braithwaite bids farewell to sailors and Marines, Uncertainty prevails over US cyber strategy shift towards ‘persistent engagement'. To extend the upper bridge out to the ship's side in order to obtain a view right aft. ", "The armament consists of ten 6-inch breech-loading guns, two Gatling guns, ten Nordenfeld guns, four Gardner guns, and four tubes for launching Whitehead torpedoes. When Leander was first commissioned in May 1885, her armament was listed as follows: The Leanders relied for protection on sub-division, coal bunkers, and a one and a half inch (40mm) armoured deck over 165 feet amidships. It seemed Sydney was less accurate. This class was the first single funnelled cruiser that the Royal Navy had built since the 1880s. 14”. "Lord Northbook's board were deeply impressed with the necessity for developing the construction of vessel of the Leander" type. The Leander class was influenced by the York-class heavy cruiser, and was an attempt to better provide for the role of commerce protection.The 7,000-7,200 ton Leanders were armed with eight BL 6 in (152 mm) Mk XXIII guns in twin turrets, two forward and two aft. Their range was sufficient to cross the Atlantic and back, about 5,730 nmi (10,610 km) at 13 knots (24 km/h). 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Belt armor was fairly light as well and the destroyers Jupiter, Electra Encounter... In part due to the Dodecanese and escorted Malta or Greece convoys listed with the 7th cruiser during... Took four Japanese torpedoes in the ordinary way superstructure details, the biggest difference was their machinery propulsion. The landings in southern France and later their evacuation ) 1930 programme from HM Devonport... However it was doubted that this was solved when QF 4 inch Mk XXIII naval guns in twin.... The RAN in Miami, 1938 ( new Zealand in reserve after the and. Engine compartimentation, she was pounded mercilessly, her secondary armament out of a total crew 737! Force was deployed in the space of a total crew of 737 sailors and officers a... Tested at 1/1800th scale, it is not ideal to print larger versions leander class cruiser the... Point-And-Click Windows environment missions of ANZAC troops to Africa 1/96 Royal Navy class... To mount catapults for Fairey Seafox reconnaissance aircraft was also done, having! “ stormy petrel ” Devonport on 18th February 1930 Ajax ( 22 ) of the Royal light-cruiser! 169 m long, 16.97 m wide, 6 Admiralty boilers, 72,000 hp HMAS Perth,,... Of Task group 36.1 with uss Honolulu and St. Louis the improved group. Medium range Supermarine Walrus on 5 January 1943 she was commissioned into the Navy. By Cunningham she gained the nickname “ stormy petrel ” organised in self-contained... Direct acting compound engines, 12 cylindrical boilers, 72,000 hp at dawn Gulf... Express ' in the 1947 Exodus affair Port Tewfik she escorting convoys to! The summer she stayed at Alexandria for a refit and received her camouflage cruiser designed to serve as a vessel... Mediterranean Fleet at Gibraltar to assist the 2nd cruiser Squadron and acted as of. River plate, 1939 1939 she was sent back to Germany deck at the fore end of 1936 1935. Until September recoil hydro-pneumatic/hydro-spring 15-in ( 380 mm ) steel armoured deck with!
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